1831 in science

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List of years in science (table)

The year 1831 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.




  • A. A. Bussy publishes his Mémoire sur le Radical métallique de la Magnésie describing his method of isolating magnesium.
  • The Kaliapparat, a laboratory device for the analysis of carbon in organic compounds, is invented by Justus von Liebig.



  • May 16 – Middlesex County Asylum for pauper lunatics opens at Hanwell near London under the humane superintendence of William Charles Ellis.
  • Dr C. Turner Thackrah publishes The Effects of the Principal Arts, Trades, and Professions, and of Civic States and Habits of Living, on Health and Longevity, with a particular reference to the trades and manufactures of Leeds, and suggestions for the removal of many of the agents which produce disease and shorten the duration of life, a pioneering study of occupational and public health in a newly industrialised English city.[4]


  • Henry Witham publishes Observations on fossil vegetables, accompanied by representations of their internal structure, as seen through the microscope in Edinburgh.







  1. ^ Herapath, John (1831). "SAO/NASA ADS Astronomy Abstract Service". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2: 6. Bibcode:1831MNRAS...2....6H. Retrieved 2011-02-06.
  2. ^ "A brief history of the RAS". Royal Astronomical Society. Archived from the original on 30 January 2011. Retrieved 2011-02-06.
  3. ^ "History Of Dublin Zoo". Family Fun. Retrieved 2011-12-20.
  4. ^ Hunt, Tristram (2004). Building Jerusalem: the rise and fall of the Victorian city. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0-297-60767-7.
  5. ^ Bishop, R.E.D. (1979). Vibration (2nd ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-22779-8.
  6. ^ "Icons, a portrait of England 1820-1840". Archived from the original on 22 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-12.
  7. ^ Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
  8. ^ Scientific writings of Joseph Henry. Vol. 30. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution. 1886. p. 434.
  9. ^ Clarke, Mike (2009-01-05). "A Brief History of Movable Bridges". Retrieved 2012-02-09.
  10. ^ Waterston, Charles D.; Shearer, A. Macmillan (July 2006). Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783-2002: Biographical Index (PDF). Vol. 2. Royal Society of Edinburgh. p. 964. ISBN 978-0-902198-84-5. Retrieved 2012-01-23.
  11. ^ Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 257–258. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
  12. ^ "Copley Medal | British scientific award". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 22 July 2020.
  13. ^ "Date of death on the decennial table, page 191". archives.somme.fr (in French). Retrieved 5 March 2021.